Sonepat School is exploring the Environment Protection methods with Rise Foundation

Today on 1st Nov 2022, 36 Students of Gateway International School, Sonepat (Haryana) class 8th visited the Brahma Apartments , Sec 7, Dwarka (Delhi) to learn and understand the process of Solid Waste Management & Miyawaki Afforestation initiatives by Team Rise Foundation.

Today Environment protection is on priority. Solid Waste management is one of the important task for cities to handle.The increasing volume and complexity of waste associated with the modern economy is posing a serious risk to ecosystems and human health. Every year, an estimated 11.2 billion tonnes of solid waste is collected worldwide and decay of the organic proportion of solid waste is contributing about 5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Poor waste management – ranging from non-existing collection systems to ineffective disposal -causes air pollution, water and soil contamination. Open and unsanitary landfills contribute to contamination of drinking water and can cause infection and transmit diseases. The dispersal of debris pollutes ecosystems and dangerous substances from electronic waste or industrial garbage puts a strain on the health of urban dwellers and the environment.

The solution,applying the 3R principle, in the first place, is the REDUCE (minimization) of waste. Where waste cannot be avoided, REUSE or recovery of materials and energy from waste as well as re-manufacturing and recycling waste into usable products should be the second option. RECYCLE-Recycling leads to substantial resource savings. For example, for every tonne of paper recycled, 17 trees and 50 per cent of water can be saved or every 1 Kg of food waste to composting saves approx 2Kg of CO2 equivalent Green House Gas emission. Moreover, recycling creates jobs: the sector employs 12 million people in Brazil, China and United States alone.

Mr. Madhukar Varshney (Founder Rise Foundation) and Mr. Munish Kundra (Member -Rise Foundation & Member RWA -Brahma Apartments) shared the information about the Waste Categories, Importance of Waste Segregation, How to safe dispose the Waste , Composting Process and Ecobricks from Plastic Waste.

The Students were exposed to the live use case of Aerobic Composting using various type of composters i.e. Terracotta Home Composter, Twin Drum Composter , Vermi compost (trail setup) and Cage Composters. Brahma Apartment is pioneer in Segregation and Safe disposal of Waste. The society got the First prize in row for last 2 years from Delhi Municipality in south zone.
Additionally, knowledge related to Ocean Pollution and Plastic waste also discussed with the students.Munish shared the process of filling the PET bottle with Single Use plastic or other type of plastic which is not recyclable or no recycling facility available in the city.

At the end, student learn the Miyawaki afforestation technique in berif and visited 2.5 year micro forest developed at Brahma Apartments and recently establised Urban forest at Shaheed Flt Lft Sunit Mohanty Memorial park and did plantation as “token of participation”.

Vote of thanks was given by School teacher Dr. Poonam Rani along with Mrs Pooja & Mr. Deepak Antil.

Team Rise Foundation appreciate the efforts of Mr. Ojha (Principal , Gateway International School, Sonepat). He took the quick decision to plan this outdoor visit for the school students shown his commitment towards the students to provide real knowledge along with wonderful academics. For such educational visits , please reach us at +91 9717764262 (Madhukar) or +91 98187 39265 (Munish).

About Gateway International School:

Vision

“To concoct and nurture citizens of tomorrow – rounded, rooted to the soil, reaching out to the future.”

Mision
  • To ensure an environment facilitating holistic learning.
  • To foster a culture of teachers as mentors, collaborators and active participants.
  • To instil self-awareness.
  • To equip with knowledge, innovation and life skills.
  • To encourage the realization of optimum potential.
  • To prepare for risks and challenges.
  • To nurture social responsibility with individuality.
Core Beliefs:
  • It is a step into the world of quality education that provides and maintains:

…excellence driven by values
…success strengthened by ethics
…modernity fortified by tradition

For more information about school , please visit : https://gateway.edu.in/gis/

Dwarka is gearing up for Environment protection thru Miyawaki Afforestation

क्या हैं जंगल के उपकार, मिट्टी, पानी और बयार। मिट्टी, पानी और बयार, जिन्दा रहने के आधार।

On 10th and 13th Sept 2022, Rise Foundation completed 12th Miyawaki Afforestation in MCD park , Sector 7 Dwarka.

Rise Foundation did MoU with MCD for developing a 3000sq ft area of Flt Lft Sunit Mohanty Memorial Park ,Sector -7, Dwarka. The whole project was completed in two phases. 1st phase partially sponsored by Air Force and Naval Officers Enclave (AFNO) CGHS and Flt Lft Sunit Mohanty Trust . Approx 500 saplings plantation done on 10th Sept with volunteers from AFNOE CGHS and from Dwarka.

2nd phase of plantation for 1000Sq ft area (300 plants) is sponsored by Air Visatara under CSR activity carried out on 13th Sept 2022. The leadership team and other staff from Visatra participated in plantation drive.

The Miyawaki forestation method is a unique way to create an urban forest and is pioneered by Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki. With this method of plantation, an urban forest can grow within a short span of 20-30 years while a conventional forest takes around 200-300 years to grow naturally. In the Miyawaki technique, various native species of plants are planted close to each other so that the greens receive sunlight only from the top and grow upwards than sideways. As a result, the plantation becomes approximately 30 times denser, grows 10 times faster and becomes maintenance-free after a span of 3 years.

राइज फाउंडेशन ने ब्रह्मा अपार्टमेंट में द्वारका का पहला  मियावाकी वन लगया था। ये पर्यावरण संरक्षण की राह में पॉजिटिव कदम है। 

लेकिन हम सब देश वासियों को देश के सघन वनों को कम से कम क्षति पहुँचाने  की कोशिश करनी चाहिए।  मियावाकी  वनों का तभी लाभ सही अर्थों में होगा, जब देश के सघन वन प्रदेश व जैव विविधता संरक्षित रहेगी।  देश को 33%वन कुल भूभाग में संरक्षित रखने और उसको बढ़ाने का बीड़ा उठाना होगा।  विकास का मॉडल हिमालय समेत पूरे देश के वनों व प्राकृतिक संसाधनों को संरक्षित करने का हो ऐसी  आवाज उठानी है। विकास आज बहुत सहज हो चला है। लेकिन वन प्रान्तर एक लंबी उद्विकास की  प्रक्रिया के माध्यम से पनपता है। 

इसके लिए हम सब को एक साथ आगे आना है। जितने सघन वन देश में होंगे ,उतना ही वातावरण शुद्ध और स्वछ होगा। प्राकृतिक वैविध्य ही पर्यावरण की असली कुंजी है।

देश तभी विकसित सही अर्थों में होगा, जब देश जल जंगल जमीन संरक्षित रहेंगे। हम सब देश वासियों को हिमालय में 3000 मीटर की ऊंचाई से ऊपर वाले क्षेत्रों को विशेष रूप से संरक्षित रखने और उनमें कम से कम मानव गतिविधियों व निर्माण  के मॉडल को अपनाना ही होगा।   आज हिमालय के हज़ारों प्राकृतिक स्रोत  सूखने के कगार पर है। इस बात को हम हमेशा याद रखे।  इसलिए चिपको आंदोलन का ये नारा सदैव हम सभी को प्रेरणा देता रहेगा। 

क्या हैं जंगल के उपकार, मिट्टी, पानी और बयार। मिट्टी, पानी और बयार, जिन्दा रहने के आधार।

Source : https://rameshmumukshukikalamse.blogspot.com/2022/09/blog-post_15.html

For Miyawaki Urban Forest, you can reach Rise Foundation at +91 9717764262 or email us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Let’s Do it India, ready for World Clean Up day 2022

On 7th Sept 2022, Lets’ Do it India, Campaign (for clean water, water conservation and Ganga Bachao) calls all National Leaders who are either into Environment protection or somehow connected with the movement under Ministry of Jal Shakti Ministry, #UN (environment), #AIESEC

Mr. Madhukar Varshney from Rise Foundation is also got appreciation for their untired efforts in the field of environment protection.

Have you marked 17th September on your calendars? 🔥

We are set to clean the world, one place at a time. World Clean Up Organisation is on a mission to revive our planet.

Become a part of Let’s Do it India, join us on World CleanUp Day, on 17th September, this year.

About Let’s Do it India:

“Let’s Do It India is the Indian chapter of ‘Let’s Do It World’ organisation which aims to reduce the problem of illegally dumped waste in our country and conduct regular cleanup activities. An important motive of Let’s Do It India is to promote a greater understanding of the connections between people and their environment and to encourage creative thinking through hands-on education on waste management. We empower our community to protect and preserve the environment through environmental education and creative exploration. World Cleanup Day is the largest one-day peacetime civic action against waste aiming to raise awareness of the global mismanaged waste crisis and its impact on the environment.”

#eu_in_india #unep #swachhsagarsurakshitsagar #swachhbharat #unea #moes #moeffc #climatechange #awareness #garbage #pankajchoudhary #wwf #wildlife #nature #swachbharatabhiyan #trashtag #cleanup #worldcleanupday #letsdoitindia #cleanupday #unitednations #sdgs #youth #unsdg #green #sustainable #climatechange #circulareconomy #bbcearth #unicefindia #environment #climate #risefoundation #risefoundationngo #madhukarvarshney #madhurivarshney

Kanganheri Village witnessed Miyawaki Afforestation on Independence Day

On occassion of Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav of 75 years of Indian Independence day. Team Rise Foundation established another Miyawaki Urban Forest in Kanganheri Village Near Dwarka.

आज 14 August को आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव के उपलक्ष्य में राइज फाउंडेशन टीम ने कंगनहेरी गांव (द्वारका के पास) , में मियावाकि तकनीक से urban फारेस्ट लगाया। इसमें कंगनहेरी के निवासियों का सहयोग रहा।इस प्रोजेक्ट में 1500 वर्ग फ़ीट क्षेत्र में 500 पौधे (देसी प्रजाति के)लगाए गए- जिसमे नीम, जामुन, गुड़हल, कनेर, फाइकस, नींबू, आम, बांस, पापड़ी, पीपल, सहजन, बेलपत्र, अमलतास, ढाक इत्यादि थे। जो उचित देखभाल के बाद 3 वर्ष में एक जंगल का रूप ले लेंगे । इस तरह के छोटे छोटे जंगल पर्यावरण की पारिस्थितिकीय प्रणाली को बचाने में सहायक होंगे।।

इस मुहिम में राइज फाउंडेशन के मार्गदर्शन में इन सभी संस्थाओ का सहयोग व महत्वपूर्ण योगदान रहा-
कंगनहेरी निवासी दीपक भारद्वाज, विकास यादव,इंद्रजीत सिंह सेक्टर- 12 द्वारका, मुनीश कुंद्रा द्वारका सेक् 7, अरविंद अग्रवाल द्वारका सेक् 23, नरेंद्र भारद्वाज, प्रशांत भारद्वाज, तुषार मुंडाखेड़ा, विद्या , अमित भटनागर थिंक गुड फाउंडेशन से, नरेंद्र यादव, अशोक मेहरा , राजकुमार कश्यप, श्रीमती जसवंती रावत ( अध्यक्ष- राइज फाउंडेशन) मधुकर वार्ष्णेय, माधुरी वार्ष्णेय , प्रीति भारतीय (सपरिवार फरिदाबाद से) व अन्य ग्राम निवासियों सम्मिलित हुए ।

अन्य संस्थाएं जैसे,88 महिला बटालियन crpf, earth warrior ( घिटोरनी से), ब्रह्मा कुमारिज, महीप -भास्कराचार्य कॉलेज (दिल्ली यूनिवर्सिटी) आदि मुहिम से जुड़े।

दिल्ली में इस तरह की मुहिम की जरूरत है , इससे दिल्ली की हवा को साफ करने में मदद मिलेगा।

अगर आप अपने क्षेत्र में ऐसा कोई फारेस्ट लगवाना चाहते हैं तो राइज फाउंडेशन से 9717764262 पर सम्पर्क कर सकते है।

Compost vs Fertilizer for Kitchen Garden

Both compost and fertilizers are essential for a healthy kitchen garden or your plants. To get the best from your soil, it needs healthy organic activity and elemental chemical composition. But are the two products, compost and fertilizer, work in same manner?

Amending your soil with compost provides many more nutrients and benefits than fertilizers can and, its sustainable!

Nutrients – What Plants Need and Why!

Plants, like other living things need nutrients to keep growing. Most fertilizer packages list three plant nutrients-nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (N-P-K, in that order);

Nitrogen(N) (Source: Air/Soil) spurs on leafy growth. With too much nitrogen, some plants will not flower; too little (deficiency) and plants may have pale-green or yellowish older leaves or yellow-white leaves.

Nitrogen deficiency symptoms in plants. source

Phosphorus(P) (Source: Soil) encourages good blooming and root development. Too little phosphorus will cause stunted plant growth and purplish younger leaves.

Phosphorous deficiency in tomato leaf. source

Potassium (K)(Source: Soil) is directly involved in photosynthesis (the process of converting sunlight to energy). It also encourages disease resistance and sturdy stems. Without enough potassium, a plant may have yellowish or spotted older leaves.Older leaves in the plants can show curled or necrotic margins (premature death of living cells).

However, there are many more, commonly called micronutrients. Find belw the most important ones:

Calcium(Ca) (Source: Soil) promotes strong cells and root growth. Plants take up calcium during water movement within the plant and its evaporation from aerial parts such as leaves. Environmental conditions, such as heat or drought, may make it difficult for some plants to absorb calcium. If plants don’t get enough calcium, they may drop blossoms, show yellow edges on young leaves, or have curled leaves. Its deficiency can cause shoots and root tips to die off.

Calcium deficiency on new leaves. source

Sulfur (S) (Source: Soil) is necessary for the formation of chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants that converts light to energy). It promotes healthy roots and lowers soil pH. Without enough sulfur, a plant’s new leaves may appear yellowed. Deficiencies are uncommon, however. If there is a deficiency, it results into overall yellowing of the plant.

It’s necessary to note the difference between magnesium and manganese, as some people tend to get them confused. While both magnesium and manganese are essential minerals, they have very different properties.

Magnesium(Mg) (Source: Soil) is a part of the chlorophyll molecule. Acidic, sandy soils often contain less magnesium than alkaline, humus-rich, or clay soils. Too much nitrogen or potassium may make it difficult for plants to absorb magnesium. Plants that are lacking in magnesium will become pale green or yellow. A plant with a magnesium deficiency will show signs of yellowing first on the older leaves near the bottom of the plant.

Magnesium deficiency symptoms. source

Manganese (Mn) (Source: Soil) is not a part of chlorophyll. The symptoms of manganese deficiency are remarkably similar to magnesium because manganese is involved in photosynthesis. Leaves become yellow and there is also interveinal chlorosis.

However, manganese is less mobile in a plant than magnesium so the symptoms of deficiency appear first on young leaves. It’s always best to get a sample to determine the exact cause of the symptoms.

Manganese deficiency symptoms. source

Iron(Fe) (Source: Soil) is more available to plants if the soil is acidic. Lowering the soil pH (by adding organic matter or Sulfur) may be more beneficial than adding more iron. Since iron is also associated with chlorophyll, a lack of iron may result in stunted plant growth and younger leaves turning yellow. The yellowing often starts at the edges and spreads inward.

Chlorine(Cl) (Source: Soil) is important to plant metabolism and influences water movement within the plant. Too little chlorine is rare. Too much chlorine is more common, especially around swimming pools, and results in brown leaf tips. Entire leaves may turn yellow and fall from the plant.

Chlorine deficiency symptoms. source

Zinc(Zn) (Source: Soil) helps the plant use sugars, which influence plant size and growth rate. Without enough zinc in the soil, the plant leaves may be smaller than usual or have puckered-looking edges.

Zinc deficiency symptoms. source

Boron(B) (Source: Soil) influences how plants use and absorb other nutrients. Too little boron in the soil may cause dead or deformed new growth or unusually brittle leaves. Plants require very little boron, however.

Copper(Cu) (Source :Soil) is a part of many proteins and is important to plant reproduction. When plants lack copper, their younger leaves may be misshapen or dark blue-green.

Copper deficiency in canola plants. source

Molybdenum (Mo) (Source: Soil) influences how plants use nitrogen. Plants require only minute amounts, but without enough of this mineral, plants may look as if they’re nitrogen deficient with pale-green or yellowish older leaves.

Molybdenum deficiency symptoms in a cauliflower leaf. source

Compost contains not only N-P-K, but also ALL the micronutrients as well!. Supply of sufficient and efficient balanced nutrition is important for plants optimal growth.

So these are the major nutrient deficiencies and their symptoms . We hope this information will be useful for many of you.

Mini Miyawaki Forest Established in Dwarka

Today on 7th Aug 2022, due to heavy rains during the week, our Kanganheri Miyawaki Project is pending for plantation. It is decided by the team to have small mini Miyawaki forest in Dwarka Sector 12.

A small patch identified by Inderjeet Sir in the park next to Upkari Apartments, Sector 12 and he ensured the support from Upkari Apartments as well as Ashoka Apartments.

So the total 12Sq mt area is used for 35 native plants using 3 plants per sq mtr area.

A small green patch developed to attract biodiversity and will work as small air purifier. space. We used Palash, Jakranda, Bamboo, Bakain, Jamun etc for plantation.

We look forward for plantation of more saplings in the future. Thanks to all residents of Upkari Apartments , Ashoka Apartments and Team Rise Foundation Madhukar Varshney, Munish Kundra and Inderjeet Sir.

Miyawaki forests grow in two to three years and are self-sustaining. They help lower temperatures in concrete heat islands, reduce air and noise pollution, attract local birds and insects, and create carbon sinks.

Note : Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by Japanese botanist Late Mr. Akira Miyawaki, that helps build dense, native forests. The approach is supposed to ensure that plant growth is 10 times faster and the resulting plantation is 30 times denser than usual. It involves planting dozens of native species in the same area, and becomes maintenance-free after the first three years.

If any one want support to establish such pocket Forest, Feel free to reach us at +91 9717764262 or mail us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Adarsh Apartment got its Benches made from Ecobricks

In continuation of of Team Rise Foundation engagement towards Zero Waste Society, Adarsh Apartment, Sector 3, Dwarka residents specially kids shown willingness to make ecobricks from plastic waste so that this plastic maniac can be arrested at source. The activity was happen on 9th and 10th July 2022

Many kids made ecobricks in last one month and contributed to us for making 02 benches from ecobricks. Total 80 ecobricks are used of different sizes , this constitute approx. 20Kg of plastic waste.

Benches were made with the help of Baljeet Singh Sir and Inderjeet Singh Sir. They are quite passionate about ecobricks and making useful structure from this waste form. They mentioned that the objective of bench is not to promote the plastic usage , but to create awareness between the citizens in the locality. Atleast some people will try to understand the issue behind plastic waste and few may turn up to take initiative to make ecobricks.

Madhukar Varshney – Founder, Rise Foundation says that making ecobricks is a sort of stop gap arrangement till we don’t get strong collection and recycling services in Dwarka. He categorically mentioned that any plastic waste which we are already throwing in the dustbin is not sure about the segregation and recycling so finally it may landed up to landfill and contribute in Waste mountain and Green House gas emission.

For RWA Management team, Mr. Ashwani Thakur and Mr. Devesh Mundepi cooperated and arranged the raw-material for making bench. RWA’s whole team shown great enthusiasm towards the event and would like to extend the program at larger scale in the society.

Ecobricks are used to make many things such as furniture, walls and buildings. It allows communities and companies to get control of their plastic waste to create modular furniture, garden spaces, walls and even full-scale buildings.

How does it help the environment?

  • EcoBricks prevent plastic waste from disrupting the ecosystem:  Usually, when thrown away, plastic breaks down into tiny pieces and contaminates the area where it is. EcoBricks arrest and seal the plastic away preventing the buildup of toxic gases emitted during the degradation of the plastic, such as methane when it reached to landfill and react with other waste.

PET bottles are perfect for sealing away the plastic because they have an incredible longevity and protect the contents from UV rays.

  • Ecobricking raises ecological consciousness:  We often do not think about the afterlife of our discarded plastic bottles. Ecobricking addresses our short-sightedness, as making Ecobricks demands time and dedication, it leads to questions on the uses of plastic.
  • Ecobricks are a low energy solution to plastic: Recycling isn’t necessarily the best solution since the facilities demand technology, funds and a substantial amount of human energy. It also involves transportation and the waste can travel around the world before reaching its destination only to end up in a saturated recycling plant.

EcoBricks don’t require all that fuss, with anyone having the ability to make their own Ecobricks. It is a simple solution to a complex problem which can be applied anywhere by everyone.

If you want such session in your school,college, community. Contact team Rise Foundation NGO at 9717764262 or write us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Ref: https://www.environewsnigeria.com/expert-advocates-use-of-ecobricks-technologies-to-address-climate-change/

#ecobricks #plasticpollution #plasticwaste #oceanpollution #oceanconservation #circulareconomy

Internship Certificate distributed to students in Social Work

Rise Foundation gave opportunity to Students pursuing Bachelor and Masters in Social Work from IGNOU or any other university.

Since , Rise Foundation engaged in environment protection activities like Solid Waste Management, Urban foresting (through Miyawaki Technique), plastic waste recycling, Working for Empowerment of Women, and education for underprivileged section of Society. Students were engaged with us in field visit, door to door awareness campaign, workshop in different area/communities in and around Delhi. During internship period students participated in different activities of NGO related to education domain, conducted field surveys.

Team Rise Foundation, wishes all of them very best in all their future endeavors.

For any more enquiry about internship, please write us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com or whatsapp at +919717764262

Rise Foundation Plantation Drive started for this monsoon season

“One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken”- Leo Tolstoy.

Rise Foundation team dare to leap in every possible situation when things comes to environment protection. This Sunday 10th July, 2022, Rise Foundation team along with members of Seniors Hub Dwarka and followers of Brahaman Kumaris done plantation at MCD Park of sector 7 near Rampal Chowk.

This Park is in absolute pathetic and deprived condition badly ignored by the authorities. These super energetic people took this challenge to make it bit green for the local resident.

Madhukar Varshney, founder Rise Foundation said- Our planet’s alarm is going off, and it is time to wake up and take action. Best way of ecosystem restoration is plantation drive and Miyawaki forestation at war level.

As per Munish Kundra, resident of Brahama Apartment said- every single human being must be in harmony with nature.

Ms Ritu from JDM Apartments, Sector 5 also participated in the plantation along with her daughters. She appreciated the efforts made by team Rise Foundation and also a great learning for young girls about the current environment situation and actions.

As per Madhuri Rawat Varshney, Social activist, “Social engagement is must for any cause. When the rest of India witnessed “above-normal” monsoon, Delhi kept waiting to beat the heat resulting significantly increases power consumption. We all must understand our life style is mainly responsible for climate disruptions that take a toll on our life directly or indirectly.

Team Rise Foundation is committed for Environment Protection. If you are interested to do plantation or Miyawaki Afforestation in your area. Feel free to reach us thru email : mail2risefoundation@gmail.com or whatspp at +91 9717764262

Chemistry of Aerobic Composting

You’ve probably heard of composting. You may even have a friend that does it.

But what’s the big deal? And why do environmentalists, farmers and gardeners getting excited when hearing this word “composting”?  The chemistry behind composting is a pretty amazing thing.  I mean, let’s agree that, composting is nature’s recycling system. And nature’s recycling campaign are not funded by big CSR funds , not required actually, it is there at NO cost.

In this post, we’re going to discuss the following:

  • Definition of Aerobic Composting
  • Green and Brown?
  • Chemistry of Composting and Climate Change

Definition of Aerobic Composting:

Aerobic composting is the process by which organic wastes are converted into compost or manure in presence of air. In this process, aerobic microorganisms break down organic matter in the presence of carbon matter and produce carbon dioxide, ammonia, water, heat and humus, the relatively stable organic end-product.

Green or Brown?

Aerobic composting needs a balanced mixture of organic materials, divided into two groups: the browns and the greens. The browns are rich in Carbon (C), low in Nitrogen (N) and so biodegrade slowly; the greens are the “high-energy” stuff for the composting process- they have a high moisture content, are rich in Nitrogen (N), low in Carbon (C) and biodegrade fast.

An effective aerobic composting process needs the right mixture of materials i.e. the browns and the greens. The optimal C:N ratio is between 25:1 and 40:1. Translated into common practice the rule of thumbs is to mix the greens and the browns in a ratio of 2:1. Microorganisms which helps in decomposition of organic material need ~20-30 parts of C:N. Excess of nitrogenous material can lead to production of ammonia (smelly compost)

Chemistry of Aerobic Composting:

Now that we know the difference between greens and browns, we can dig a little deeper into the chemistry on how the decomposition of plants works and why it’s vital to soil health. Nitrogen, a vital element to plant growth, is made accessible to vegetation in 2 simple steps:

  1. When plants decompose, they create ammonia (NH3).
  2. Ammonia is converted into nitrate ions (NO3+) by reacting with oxygen in a 2 step process.

Nitrate is the form of nitrogen that plants must have to survive and thrive! Here’s what the chemical equations look like:

Not only is composting good for the soil and our food supply, it’s also an important way to mitigate the production of the greenhouse gas, methane.

Let’s use an apple as an example. When an apple is composted, it decomposes in the presence of oxygen and oxygen breathing (aerobic) bacteria and creates nutrients (nitrates and phosphates), carbon dioxide and water.

When an apple is thrown in the trash and sent to a landfill, it decomposes in the absence of oxygen by non-oxygen breathing (anaerobic) bacteria in a multi-step process that creates carbon dioxide and methane.

Methane is a gas that has a Global Warming Potential (GWP) that is ~25 times greater than carbon dioxide. That means that methane is ~25 times better at trapping heat in our atmosphere than carbon dioxide.

So, by composting our food scraps, we:

  • Mitigate the production of methane gas in a landfill
  • Build nutrient dense soil which sequesters carbon from the atmosphere
  • Create healthy soil for plants to thrive, increasing food production rates to tackle global hunger

Resource to learn more :

You can watch it here:

As always, if you have any questions, feel free to drop them in the comments below or contact me via email OR whataspp at +91 9717764262 I’m always happy to help!