Compost vs Fertilizer for Kitchen Garden

Both compost and fertilizers are essential for a healthy kitchen garden or your plants. To get the best from your soil, it needs healthy organic activity and elemental chemical composition. But are the two products, compost and fertilizer, work in same manner?

Amending your soil with compost provides many more nutrients and benefits than fertilizers can and, its sustainable!

Nutrients – What Plants Need and Why!

Plants, like other living things need nutrients to keep growing. Most fertilizer packages list three plant nutrients-nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (N-P-K, in that order);

Nitrogen(N) (Source: Air/Soil) spurs on leafy growth. With too much nitrogen, some plants will not flower; too little (deficiency) and plants may have pale-green or yellowish older leaves or yellow-white leaves.

Nitrogen deficiency symptoms in plants. source

Phosphorus(P) (Source: Soil) encourages good blooming and root development. Too little phosphorus will cause stunted plant growth and purplish younger leaves.

Phosphorous deficiency in tomato leaf. source

Potassium (K)(Source: Soil) is directly involved in photosynthesis (the process of converting sunlight to energy). It also encourages disease resistance and sturdy stems. Without enough potassium, a plant may have yellowish or spotted older leaves.Older leaves in the plants can show curled or necrotic margins (premature death of living cells).

However, there are many more, commonly called micronutrients. Find belw the most important ones:

Calcium(Ca) (Source: Soil) promotes strong cells and root growth. Plants take up calcium during water movement within the plant and its evaporation from aerial parts such as leaves. Environmental conditions, such as heat or drought, may make it difficult for some plants to absorb calcium. If plants don’t get enough calcium, they may drop blossoms, show yellow edges on young leaves, or have curled leaves. Its deficiency can cause shoots and root tips to die off.

Calcium deficiency on new leaves. source

Sulfur (S) (Source: Soil) is necessary for the formation of chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants that converts light to energy). It promotes healthy roots and lowers soil pH. Without enough sulfur, a plant’s new leaves may appear yellowed. Deficiencies are uncommon, however. If there is a deficiency, it results into overall yellowing of the plant.

It’s necessary to note the difference between magnesium and manganese, as some people tend to get them confused. While both magnesium and manganese are essential minerals, they have very different properties.

Magnesium(Mg) (Source: Soil) is a part of the chlorophyll molecule. Acidic, sandy soils often contain less magnesium than alkaline, humus-rich, or clay soils. Too much nitrogen or potassium may make it difficult for plants to absorb magnesium. Plants that are lacking in magnesium will become pale green or yellow. A plant with a magnesium deficiency will show signs of yellowing first on the older leaves near the bottom of the plant.

Magnesium deficiency symptoms. source

Manganese (Mn) (Source: Soil) is not a part of chlorophyll. The symptoms of manganese deficiency are remarkably similar to magnesium because manganese is involved in photosynthesis. Leaves become yellow and there is also interveinal chlorosis.

However, manganese is less mobile in a plant than magnesium so the symptoms of deficiency appear first on young leaves. It’s always best to get a sample to determine the exact cause of the symptoms.

Manganese deficiency symptoms. source

Iron(Fe) (Source: Soil) is more available to plants if the soil is acidic. Lowering the soil pH (by adding organic matter or Sulfur) may be more beneficial than adding more iron. Since iron is also associated with chlorophyll, a lack of iron may result in stunted plant growth and younger leaves turning yellow. The yellowing often starts at the edges and spreads inward.

Chlorine(Cl) (Source: Soil) is important to plant metabolism and influences water movement within the plant. Too little chlorine is rare. Too much chlorine is more common, especially around swimming pools, and results in brown leaf tips. Entire leaves may turn yellow and fall from the plant.

Chlorine deficiency symptoms. source

Zinc(Zn) (Source: Soil) helps the plant use sugars, which influence plant size and growth rate. Without enough zinc in the soil, the plant leaves may be smaller than usual or have puckered-looking edges.

Zinc deficiency symptoms. source

Boron(B) (Source: Soil) influences how plants use and absorb other nutrients. Too little boron in the soil may cause dead or deformed new growth or unusually brittle leaves. Plants require very little boron, however.

Copper(Cu) (Source :Soil) is a part of many proteins and is important to plant reproduction. When plants lack copper, their younger leaves may be misshapen or dark blue-green.

Copper deficiency in canola plants. source

Molybdenum (Mo) (Source: Soil) influences how plants use nitrogen. Plants require only minute amounts, but without enough of this mineral, plants may look as if they’re nitrogen deficient with pale-green or yellowish older leaves.

Molybdenum deficiency symptoms in a cauliflower leaf. source

Compost contains not only N-P-K, but also ALL the micronutrients as well!. Supply of sufficient and efficient balanced nutrition is important for plants optimal growth.

So these are the major nutrient deficiencies and their symptoms . We hope this information will be useful for many of you.

Mini Miyawaki Forest Established in Dwarka

Today on 7th Aug 2022, due to heavy rains during the week, our Kanganheri Miyawaki Project is pending for plantation. It is decided by the team to have small mini Miyawaki forest in Dwarka Sector 12.

A small patch identified by Inderjeet Sir in the park next to Upkari Apartments, Sector 12 and he ensured the support from Upkari Apartments as well as Ashoka Apartments.

So the total 12Sq mt area is used for 35 native plants using 3 plants per sq mtr area.

A small green patch developed to attract biodiversity and will work as small air purifier. space. We used Palash, Jakranda, Bamboo, Bakain, Jamun etc for plantation.

We look forward for plantation of more saplings in the future. Thanks to all residents of Upkari Apartments , Ashoka Apartments and Team Rise Foundation Madhukar Varshney, Munish Kundra and Inderjeet Sir.

Miyawaki forests grow in two to three years and are self-sustaining. They help lower temperatures in concrete heat islands, reduce air and noise pollution, attract local birds and insects, and create carbon sinks.

Note : Miyawaki is a technique pioneered by Japanese botanist Late Mr. Akira Miyawaki, that helps build dense, native forests. The approach is supposed to ensure that plant growth is 10 times faster and the resulting plantation is 30 times denser than usual. It involves planting dozens of native species in the same area, and becomes maintenance-free after the first three years.

If any one want support to establish such pocket Forest, Feel free to reach us at +91 9717764262 or mail us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Adarsh Apartment got its Benches made from Ecobricks

In continuation of of Team Rise Foundation engagement towards Zero Waste Society, Adarsh Apartment, Sector 3, Dwarka residents specially kids shown willingness to make ecobricks from plastic waste so that this plastic maniac can be arrested at source. The activity was happen on 9th and 10th July 2022

Many kids made ecobricks in last one month and contributed to us for making 02 benches from ecobricks. Total 80 ecobricks are used of different sizes , this constitute approx. 20Kg of plastic waste.

Benches were made with the help of Baljeet Singh Sir and Inderjeet Singh Sir. They are quite passionate about ecobricks and making useful structure from this waste form. They mentioned that the objective of bench is not to promote the plastic usage , but to create awareness between the citizens in the locality. Atleast some people will try to understand the issue behind plastic waste and few may turn up to take initiative to make ecobricks.

Madhukar Varshney – Founder, Rise Foundation says that making ecobricks is a sort of stop gap arrangement till we don’t get strong collection and recycling services in Dwarka. He categorically mentioned that any plastic waste which we are already throwing in the dustbin is not sure about the segregation and recycling so finally it may landed up to landfill and contribute in Waste mountain and Green House gas emission.

For RWA Management team, Mr. Ashwani Thakur and Mr. Devesh Mundepi cooperated and arranged the raw-material for making bench. RWA’s whole team shown great enthusiasm towards the event and would like to extend the program at larger scale in the society.

Ecobricks are used to make many things such as furniture, walls and buildings. It allows communities and companies to get control of their plastic waste to create modular furniture, garden spaces, walls and even full-scale buildings.

How does it help the environment?

  • EcoBricks prevent plastic waste from disrupting the ecosystem:  Usually, when thrown away, plastic breaks down into tiny pieces and contaminates the area where it is. EcoBricks arrest and seal the plastic away preventing the buildup of toxic gases emitted during the degradation of the plastic, such as methane when it reached to landfill and react with other waste.

PET bottles are perfect for sealing away the plastic because they have an incredible longevity and protect the contents from UV rays.

  • Ecobricking raises ecological consciousness:  We often do not think about the afterlife of our discarded plastic bottles. Ecobricking addresses our short-sightedness, as making Ecobricks demands time and dedication, it leads to questions on the uses of plastic.
  • Ecobricks are a low energy solution to plastic: Recycling isn’t necessarily the best solution since the facilities demand technology, funds and a substantial amount of human energy. It also involves transportation and the waste can travel around the world before reaching its destination only to end up in a saturated recycling plant.

EcoBricks don’t require all that fuss, with anyone having the ability to make their own Ecobricks. It is a simple solution to a complex problem which can be applied anywhere by everyone.

If you want such session in your school,college, community. Contact team Rise Foundation NGO at 9717764262 or write us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Ref: https://www.environewsnigeria.com/expert-advocates-use-of-ecobricks-technologies-to-address-climate-change/

#ecobricks #plasticpollution #plasticwaste #oceanpollution #oceanconservation #circulareconomy

Internship Certificate distributed to students in Social Work

Rise Foundation gave opportunity to Students pursuing Bachelor and Masters in Social Work from IGNOU or any other university.

Since , Rise Foundation engaged in environment protection activities like Solid Waste Management, Urban foresting (through Miyawaki Technique), plastic waste recycling, Working for Empowerment of Women, and education for underprivileged section of Society. Students were engaged with us in field visit, door to door awareness campaign, workshop in different area/communities in and around Delhi. During internship period students participated in different activities of NGO related to education domain, conducted field surveys.

Team Rise Foundation, wishes all of them very best in all their future endeavors.

For any more enquiry about internship, please write us at mail2risefoundation@gmail.com or whatsapp at +919717764262

Rise Foundation Plantation Drive started for this monsoon season

“One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken”- Leo Tolstoy.

Rise Foundation team dare to leap in every possible situation when things comes to environment protection. This Sunday 10th July, 2022, Rise Foundation team along with members of Seniors Hub Dwarka and followers of Brahaman Kumaris done plantation at MCD Park of sector 7 near Rampal Chowk.

This Park is in absolute pathetic and deprived condition badly ignored by the authorities. These super energetic people took this challenge to make it bit green for the local resident.

Madhukar Varshney, founder Rise Foundation said- Our planet’s alarm is going off, and it is time to wake up and take action. Best way of ecosystem restoration is plantation drive and Miyawaki forestation at war level.

As per Munish Kundra, resident of Brahama Apartment said- every single human being must be in harmony with nature.

Ms Ritu from JDM Apartments, Sector 5 also participated in the plantation along with her daughters. She appreciated the efforts made by team Rise Foundation and also a great learning for young girls about the current environment situation and actions.

As per Madhuri Rawat Varshney, Social activist, “Social engagement is must for any cause. When the rest of India witnessed “above-normal” monsoon, Delhi kept waiting to beat the heat resulting significantly increases power consumption. We all must understand our life style is mainly responsible for climate disruptions that take a toll on our life directly or indirectly.

Team Rise Foundation is committed for Environment Protection. If you are interested to do plantation or Miyawaki Afforestation in your area. Feel free to reach us thru email : mail2risefoundation@gmail.com or whatspp at +91 9717764262

Chemistry of Aerobic Composting

You’ve probably heard of composting. You may even have a friend that does it.

But what’s the big deal? And why do environmentalists, farmers and gardeners getting excited when hearing this word “composting”?  The chemistry behind composting is a pretty amazing thing.  I mean, let’s agree that, composting is nature’s recycling system. And nature’s recycling campaign are not funded by big CSR funds , not required actually, it is there at NO cost.

In this post, we’re going to discuss the following:

  • Definition of Aerobic Composting
  • Green and Brown?
  • Chemistry of Composting and Climate Change

Definition of Aerobic Composting:

Aerobic composting is the process by which organic wastes are converted into compost or manure in presence of air. In this process, aerobic microorganisms break down organic matter in the presence of carbon matter and produce carbon dioxide, ammonia, water, heat and humus, the relatively stable organic end-product.

Green or Brown?

Aerobic composting needs a balanced mixture of organic materials, divided into two groups: the browns and the greens. The browns are rich in Carbon (C), low in Nitrogen (N) and so biodegrade slowly; the greens are the “high-energy” stuff for the composting process- they have a high moisture content, are rich in Nitrogen (N), low in Carbon (C) and biodegrade fast.

An effective aerobic composting process needs the right mixture of materials i.e. the browns and the greens. The optimal C:N ratio is between 25:1 and 40:1. Translated into common practice the rule of thumbs is to mix the greens and the browns in a ratio of 2:1. Microorganisms which helps in decomposition of organic material need ~20-30 parts of C:N. Excess of nitrogenous material can lead to production of ammonia (smelly compost)

Chemistry of Aerobic Composting:

Now that we know the difference between greens and browns, we can dig a little deeper into the chemistry on how the decomposition of plants works and why it’s vital to soil health. Nitrogen, a vital element to plant growth, is made accessible to vegetation in 2 simple steps:

  1. When plants decompose, they create ammonia (NH3).
  2. Ammonia is converted into nitrate ions (NO3+) by reacting with oxygen in a 2 step process.

Nitrate is the form of nitrogen that plants must have to survive and thrive! Here’s what the chemical equations look like:

Not only is composting good for the soil and our food supply, it’s also an important way to mitigate the production of the greenhouse gas, methane.

Let’s use an apple as an example. When an apple is composted, it decomposes in the presence of oxygen and oxygen breathing (aerobic) bacteria and creates nutrients (nitrates and phosphates), carbon dioxide and water.

When an apple is thrown in the trash and sent to a landfill, it decomposes in the absence of oxygen by non-oxygen breathing (anaerobic) bacteria in a multi-step process that creates carbon dioxide and methane.

Methane is a gas that has a Global Warming Potential (GWP) that is ~25 times greater than carbon dioxide. That means that methane is ~25 times better at trapping heat in our atmosphere than carbon dioxide.

So, by composting our food scraps, we:

  • Mitigate the production of methane gas in a landfill
  • Build nutrient dense soil which sequesters carbon from the atmosphere
  • Create healthy soil for plants to thrive, increasing food production rates to tackle global hunger

Resource to learn more :

You can watch it here:

As always, if you have any questions, feel free to drop them in the comments below or contact me via email OR whataspp at +91 9717764262 I’m always happy to help!

Waste Management Awareness Session in Dwarka Church on Environment Sunday

Today, 12th June 2022, team Rise Foundation was invited by one of the member Captain Thomas to impart knowledge in Waste Management in St James Mar Thoma Church, Sector 19B, HAF-1,Building No 2, Dwarka, Delhi 110075

The Church celebrates Environment Sunday, today. This Sunday the dedicated to spread awareness on the growing crisis and talk about our responsibility in nurturing nature..

In light of this, church invited us to tell about the initiatives they can take as individuals and community. “Every step counts !”

Rise Foundation delivered the session on Following topics:

  1. Current Situation of Waste in Delhi
  2. How Climate Change is related with Waste Management?
  3. Why Composting?
  4. How Composting using Terracotta Home Composter?
  5. Impact of Plastic Pollution and Ecobricks

It is learnt by the members that the environment situation is deteriorating because of uncontrollable emissions of Green House Gases.

Mr. Madhukar Varshney covered the main topics including Waste Current Situation in Delhi and Climate Change.

Inderjeet Singh covered the topic of Plastic Waste and Ecobricks. Ecobricks is easy and practical way to arrest plastic waste at source till there is no sufficient recyling in place.

Ms Anuradha took wonderful session on how to use Terracotta Home Composter to make compost from kitchen waste.

At the end all agreed that the Waste Segregation is need of a hour and will try as much as possible. People agreed to make ecobricks and submit to Rise Foundation, once enough ecobricks are collected , the set of benches will be made.

Home Composting benefits the climate in a few different ways, including by reducing greenhouse gas emissions at landfills, by promoting uptake of carbon dioxide by vegetation, and by making our plants and gardens more resilient to the effects of climate change.

The use of compost provides numerous greenhouse gas benefits, both directly through carbon sequestration and indirectly through improved soil health, reduced soil loss, increased water infiltration and storage, and reduction in other inputs.

For conducting such workshops in your society or area , reach us thru email : mail2risefoundation@gmail.com or at +91 97764262 (Madhukar Varshney)

Rise Foundation and ONGC Videsh establishing pocket urban forest to boost biodiversity and fight climate change

On 10th June 2022, Team Rise Foundation, ONGC Videsh and RWA & Residents of Sec 40 , Noida established first Miyawaki Forest at C block – Green belt of Noida Authority in Sector -40 with the help of many fantastic volunteers. The forest, which is the first example of a Miyawaki Forest in the area , was the site of a fantastic gathering. It was wonderful to see the community come together in the spirit of restoration and stewardship.

The project is sponsored by ONGC Videsh under Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav. Ms Renu Madhok and Ms Sangeeta Duggal were instrumental to do this project.Rise Foundation established pocket urban forest with 100+ plants using native species of Delhi NCR. The main plants are Amaltas, Parijat, Bamboo, Neem, Jatropha, Indica, Gudahal, Ratrani, Kaner, Mogra, Kadipatta etc.

Whole process included:

Site selection – 550 Sq ft area is identified for 100+ saplings plantation

Soil Preparation : Soil is prepared with Rice Husk, Cocopeat and Organic Manure to take load of the plants.

Plants Procurement : Plants collected along with Anup and Naveen from nursery.

Plantation : Site planning and plantation done with the help of wonderful volunteers.

There was small session on Plastic waste and Ecobricks is also delivered by Inderjeet Singh Sir and Mr. Madhukar Varshney.

We want to thanks and show our gratitude towards RWA President Mr. A.K Sehgal, Vice President Mr. K.L. Narsimhan, General Secretary Mr. Rajnish Kumar Sharma, Mr. Ashok Sharma, Mrs. Poonam Sharma, Mrs. Rashmi Nigam.

Mr. Anand Mohan (Deputy Director ) and Mr. Jha from Noida Authority also joined the occasion.

Rise Foundation team will maintain this forest for next 3 Years with the help of RWA team. We look forward to more such pocket forest establishment in Delhi NCR to improve biodiversity and fight climate change.

The Miyawaki Forest is an ultra dense, biodiverse pocket forest that recreates the complexity of natural forests and the relationships and processes that help them grow strong and resilient. By giving home to a vast array of native species, they boost the biodiversity of the area and nurture pollinators, supporting and restoring ecosystems. They sequester carbon in the soil, reduce air pollution and soil contamination, improve water absorption to buffer against flooding and erosion, and cool the surrounding area to mitigate the urban heat island effect.

If any one is interested to plant Miyawaki Urban Forest, please feel free to reach us at 9717764262 (Madhukar Varshney) or mail2risefoundation@gmail.com

Kids learnt about Waste Management during summer vacation

Team Rise Foundation delivered wonderful, interactive workshop on Waste Management problems and solutions to children and residents of Saket Court on 9th June 2022.

This workshop is organised by DLSA (Delhi State Legal Service Authority)- South wing in association with Rise Foundation.

Childrens and residents enjoyed and understood the current situation of Waste Management in Delhi and possible ways to fight with this maniac.

Mr. Madhukar Varshney covered the topic related to Waste Management situation in Delhi. Mr. Inderjeet covered the topic on plastic waste and ecobricks. Children agreed to make ecobricks. Rise foundation team gave them the target of making atleast 40 ecobricks to make bench in the residential campus.

Following actions are suggested to them:

1: Reduce: Make less waste in the first place! – Use biodegradable products . Carry cotton bag while going to market to reduce plastic waste.

2: Reuse: Many items you normally throw away can be used again and some items are made to be used over and over. An old tire becomes a swing. A cool lunch box replaces bags that are thrown away. Toys, video games, books, and clothes you’ve outgrown can be sold at garage sales or given to charities.

3: Recycle: Since there is not sufficient recyclers in city to handle plastic waste, it is better to arrest plastic waste at source by making ecobricks

4: Compost: Garden waste and food scraps (vegetables — no meat please) are not garbage — they’re future soil. By composting these items in your backyard, you can make a rich humus that improves soil, making garden plants grow better. Composting duplicates natures natural decomposition process in your backyard.

No single step can solve our waste disposal problems. Each option has side effects that must be considered when we’re selecting the best solution to each solid waste problem.

To carry out such workshop FREE in your area, please contact Rise Foundation at 9717764262 .

Dwarka School Students took pledge to reduce plastic waste

On occasion of Environment day , Delhi Govt School, Rajkiya Pratibha Vikas Vidyalaya Sector 10 Dwarka students and teacher got knowledge about the Ocean pollution and Ecobricks from Team Rise Foundation on 27th May 2022 ( in advance due to exams of students).

Mr. Madhukar Varshney covered the topics related to Ocean pollution, River pollution and the issue of littering in the city.

Mr. Munish Kundra covered the topics related to Ecobricks and the usecases of Ecobricks. Ecobricks are plastic bottles packed tightly with single-use plastics which is saving thousands of pounds of plastic that would otherwise end up in a landfill, incinerator, or our oceans.   These “bricks” can be used as an alternative building material in a multitude of construction projects including building furniture and creating art installations.   The making of an ecobrick is a practical and powerful way to learn the importance of environmental sustainability and one great way to keep single-use plastics out of incinerators, landfills and our oceans! 

School Students shown some ecobricks ,which they made already.

The making of an ecobrick is a practical and powerful way to learn the importance of environmental sustainability and one great way to keep single-use plastics out of incinerators, landfills and our oceans!